The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns that lasts for an extended period of time. The Earth's climate has been changing throughout the history. Just in the last 650,000 years there have been seven cycles of glacial advance and retreat, with the abrupt end of the last ice age about 7,000 years ago marking the beginning of the modern climate era and of human civilization. Most of these climate changes are attributed to very small variations in Earth’s orbit that change the amount of solar energy our planet receives.
At present, the current scenario of the climate change is at alarming levels. The present warming trend is of particular significance because most of it is very likely human-induced and proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented in the past 1,300 years. Earth-orbiting satellites and other technological advances have enabled scientists to see the big picture, collecting many different types of information about our planet and its climate on a global scale. This body of data, collected over many years, reveals the signals of a changing climate
Regardless of international climate protection commitments, greenhouse gasoline emissions endured to upward push global inside the beyond a year, accomplishing new report highs. that is one of the key findings of the country of the weather 2017 record, which has now been published by means of america national Oceanic and Atmospheric administration (NOAA). The report, wherein greater than 500 researchers from sixty five nations have worked, files climate phenomena and developments within the worldwide weather. The 12 months 2017 ranked most of the 3 warmest years on account that the beginning of the cutting-edge climate record in 1880. Global it becomes characterized by way of rising temperatures, coral dying within the oceans, melting glaciers, withdrawing sea ice and growing sea degrees.
- Track 1-1Climate Change & Climatology
- Track 1-2Evidence of Climate Changes
- Track 1-3Biodiversity Scenarios
- Track 1-4Carbon Cycle
- Track 1-5CO2 Capture and Sequestration
- Track 1-6Climate Hazards
- Track 1-7Risks of Climate Change
- Track 1-8Energy Policy
Micro plastics are very small pieces of plastic that pollute the environment.Micro plastics are not a specific kind of plastic, but rather any type of plastic fragment that is less than five millimeters in length according to the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). They enter natural ecosystems from a variety of sources, including, but not limited to, cosmetics, clothing, and industrial processes Two classifications of micro plastics currently exist. Primary micro plastics are any plastic fragments or particles that are already 5.0 mm in size or less before entering the environment. These include microfibers from clothing, microbeads, and plastic pellets (also known as nurdles). Secondary microplastics are microplastics that are created from the degradation of larger plastic products once they enter the environment through natural weathering processes. Such sources of secondary microplastics include water and soda bottles, fishing nets, and plastic bags Both types are recognized to persist in the environment at high levels, particularly in aquatic and marine ecosystems.A biophysical environment is a biotic and abiotic surrounding of an organism or population, and consequently includes the factors that have an influence in their survival, development, and evolution biophysical environment can vary in scale from microscopic to global in extent. It can also be subdivided according to its attributes. Examples include the marine environment, the atmospheric environment and the terrestrial environment. The number of biophysical environments is countless, given that each living organism
- Primary Micro Plastics
- Secondary Micro Plastics
- Sewage treatment Plants
- Plastic Water Bottles
- Track 2-1Marine environment
- Track 2-2Etymology
- Track 2-3Thermosetting polymers.
- Track 2-4Bioplastics
- Track 2-5Potential effects on the environment
- Track 2-6Organic pollutants
- Track 2-7Freshwater ecosystems
- Track 2-8Soil
Atomic power is the utilization of atomic responses that discharge atomic vitality to create warm, which most oftentimes is then utilized as a part of steam turbines to deliver power in an atomic power plant. The term incorporates atomic parting, atomic rot, and atomic combination. Nuclear technology uses the energy released by splitting the atoms of certain elements. It was first developed in the 1940s, and during the Second World War research initially focused on producing bombs. In the 1950s attention turned to the peaceful use of nuclear fission, controlling it for power generation
The global nuclear energy demand exceeded 2,400 TWh in 2014 and it is estimated to grow at a CAGR of over 4% from 2015 to 2022. Nuclear energy accounted over 11% of the global energy generation in 2014. Increasing power and energy demand from households and industrial sectors is expected to fuel market growth over the forecast period.
Rapid population growth along with improved lifestyle has resulted in an augmented energy demand from households. Rising demand for a variety of products has driven industrial developments in various countries, thus increasing energy requirements from manufacturing sector. As of 2014, nuclear power provides over 11% of the world's electricity, and over 21% of the electricity in OECD countries.
- Track 3-1Problems with Nuclear Power
- Track 3-2Capabilities of Nuclear Power
- Track 3-3Nuclear Power Plants
- Track 3-4Life Cycle of Nuclear Fuel
- Track 3-5Nuclear Proliferation
- Track 3-6Environmental Issues
Fossil fuel, any of a class of hydrocarbon-containing materials of biological origin occurring within Earth’s crust that can be used as a source of energy. All fossil fuels can be burned in air or with oxygen derived from air to provide heat. This heat may be employed directly, as in the case of home furnaces, or used to produce steam to drive generators that can supply electricity.
The twentieth century noticed a big diversification of fossil strength consumption, with coal declining from ninety-six percentage of overall production in 1900 to less than 30 percent in 2000. Today, crude oil is the biggest power supply, accounting for round 39 percentage of fossil energy, accompanied with the aid of coal and natural fuel at 33 and 28 percent, respectively.
- Track 4-1Coal Mining
- Track 4-2Petroleum Production
- Track 4-3Oil
- Track 4-4Coal
- Track 4-5Natural Gas
The composition of e-waste is diverse, containing more than 1,000 different toxic and non-toxic substances. The onset of technological advancement of electrical and electronic appliances is so rapid that new products quickly replace existing models or make certain items of electronic equipment redundant, useless, thereby generating a constant source of e-waste generation. E-waste is created from all electronic: computers, TVs, monitors, cell phones, PDAs, VCRs, CD players, fax machines, printers and many more.
Global E-Waste control market is anticipated to garner $49.4 billion through 2020, registering a CAGR of 23.5% at some stage in the forecast length 2014 - 2020. It's far one of the quickest developing waste streams in emerging as well as evolved areas. The decreased existence spans of electrical, digital and customer digital devices are producing huge E-Waste, which is growing swiftly every 12 months.
- Track 5-1Medical devices
- Track 5-2Plastic Pollution
- Track 5-3Toxic Waste
- Track 5-4Land Pollution
- Track 5-5Motion-Picture Technology
Environmental chemistry is the study of chemical and biochemical processes occurring in nature. These impacts may be felt on a local scale, through the presence of urban air pollutants or toxic substances arising from a waste site, or on a global scale, through depletion of stratospheric ozone or global warming. However, it is important to realize that all forms of matter in our environment whether synthetic or natural are made of chemicals.
The global Environment chemistry marketplace length becomes worth USD 1,023.7 million in 2016, growing at a CAGR of nine.9% over the forecast duration, increasing penetration of the generation in pharmaceuticals region is expected to be the fundamental riding component over the forecast period. It is taken into consideration the green era because of its surroundings-friendly nature and advanced houses in comparison to the batch production tactics.
- Track 6-1Wind Energy
- Track 6-2Environmental Pollution
- Track 6-3Atmospheric Pollution
- Track 6-4Regional Air Pollution
- Track 6-5Acid Rain
- Track 6-6Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
- Track 6-7Climate Change
- Track 6-8Water Pollution
- Track 6-9Soil Pollution
- Track 6-10Socio-Economic Conditions of a Country
Reduce: this entails the deliberate lowering of the number of plastics an individual uses in their day to day life. Reuse: this involves putting to use plastics that have already been used. This can mean putting them to better use than just throwing them away. Recycle: The basic phases in recycling are the collection of waste materials, their processing or manufacture into new products, and the purchase of those products, which may then themselves be recycled. Recycling can help reduce the quantities of solid waste deposited in landfills, which have become increasingly expensive. Recovery: this entails the insistence on not using plastic but rather finding and using existing alternatives.
Manufacturing products from recycled materials consume less energy and produce less pollution than producing the same items from virgin materials. Reducing our use of virgin materials conserves natural resources like trees, water, and minerals
The global marketplace revenue is probably to increase from $265.61 billion in 2017 to $282.1 billion in 2018. This doesn't include the revenue from plastic recycling enterprise, which itself poses an awesome commercial enterprise possibility and the market length is envisioned at $37.6 billion in 2018, a large boom of 7.1% from 2017.
- Track 7-1Waste Disposal
- Track 7-2Reduce
- Track 7-3Recycle
- Track 7-4Reuse
- Track 7-5Recovery
- Track 8-1Trends in Syngas
- Track 8-2Non-Virgin Biomass
- Track 8-3Biomass Valorization in Phytomedicine
- Track 8-4Harnessing Agro-Wastes for Bioethanol Production
- Track 8-5Blended biomass
- Track 9-1Combustible solid wastes
- Track 9-2Plasma arc gasification
- Track 9-3Hazardous-waste management
- Track 9-4Sewerage system
- Track 9-5Emissions trading
- Track 10-1Solar Energy
- Track 10-2Hydroelectricity
- Track 10-3Bio renewable chemicals
- Track 10-4Natural resource
- Track 10-5Geothermal energy
A feasibility study of a wearable helmet in order to protect mine workers especially of goldmines from carbon monoxide poisoning and cyanidation. Carbon monoxide poisoning is a common problem faced by the workers of coal, gold and many other mines. on the other hand cyanidation problem occurs in gold mines only during ore processing. Current safety systems for mine workers, only monitors environmental concentrations of gas. This is insufficient because toxic exposures effects people at different levels based on their immunity levels. During mining process CO can be emitted which is an odourless gas and lighter than air, it cannot be sensed by workers and effects the haemoglobin range in the body so a CO gas sensor is implemented here in order to detect CO, if the density of CO exceeds inside the mines then the exhaust fan can be switched ON automatically. Recent research on environmental and social risks and business costs in the extractive industry found that environmental issues were the most common cause of disputes, resulting in lost productivity. International best practices and compliance standards have set the benchmark for mining companies together with national legislation.
The mining waste management market is estimated to be 173.64 billion tons in 2017 and is expected to reach 233.56 billion tons by 2022, at a CAGR of 6.1% from 2017 to 2022.
- Track 11-1Mine Tailings Drainage
- Track 11-2Risk Management by Tailings Storage
- Track 11-3Sulphide minerals
- Track 11-4Coal and oil sands
- Track 11-5Aluminium mining
Bioremediation is becoming the technology of choice for the remediation of many contaminated environments, particularly sites contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. Bioremediation stimulates the growth of certain microbes that use contaminants as a source of food and energy.
It is very important to understand that this form of waste remediation uses no toxic chemicals, although it may use an organism that can be harmful under certain circumstances. A gross, but simple explanation of bioremediation is the use of maggots in wound care control. Wounds that have contamination can have maggots introduced to them. The maggots then eat the contamination, allowing the wound to heal correctly. That is a form of medical bioremediation but there are many other types that are used to control different waste contamination.
The worldwide marketplace for bioremediation technology & services marketplace changed into worth USD 32.2 billion in 2016 and is expected to reach USD 65.7 billion by using 2025 at a CAGR of 8.3% from 2017 to 2025.
- Track 12-1The Roles of Microbes in Bioremediation
- Track 12-2Variation in Basic Metabolism
- Track 12-3Nutritional Requirements for Contaminant Destruction
- Track 12-4Indicators of Microbial Activity
- Track 12-5Complicating Factors
There are a number of different waste treatment technologies for the disposal, recycling, storage, or energy recovery from different waste types. Each type has its own associated of Waste Management. Relatively simple waste treatment technologies can be designed to provide low-cost sanitation and environmental protection while providing additional benefits from the reuse of resources. These technologies use natural aquatic and terrestrial systems Composition and generation.
The demand for water and wastewater treatment (WWT) products in the top 40 national markets was $47.7 billion in 2012. This total market is expected to reach nearly $53.1 billion in 2013, $59.2 billion in 2014 and about $96.3 billion by 2019, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.2% for the period of 2014 to 2019.
- Track 13-1Pyrolysis
- Track 13-2 Incineration
- Track 13-3Ion Exchange
- Track 13-4Advanced Oxidation Processes
- Track 13-5Membrane Filtration
- Track 13-6Gasification
- Track 13-7Mechanical biological treatment
- Track 14-1Biodiesel
- Track 14-2Biofuels
- Track 14-3Biomass fraction
- Track 14-4Gasification
- Track 14-5Bio-oil upgrading
- Track 14-6Thermo-chemical conversion
- Track 15-1Environmental indicator
- Track 15-2Natural landscape
- Track 15-3Strategic Environmental Assessment
- Track 15-4Economic and demographic factors
- Track 15-5Conversation of Biodiversity
- Track 16-1Plasma Arc Gasification
- Track 16-2Waste Disposal
- Track 16-3Landfill Diversion
- Track 16-4Secure Landfills
- Track 16-5Landfill Gas
- Track 16-6Landfill Fires
- Track 17-1Hazardous wastes
- Track 17-2Carcinogenic
- Track 17-3Chemical Waste
- Track 17-4Biomedical Waste
- Track 18-1New Construction vs. Adaptive Reuse
- Track 18-2Site Selection, Planning and Design
- Track 18-3Energy- and Water-Efficiency
- Track 18-4Use of Renewable Energy
- Track 18-5Indoor Environmental Quality
- Track 18-6Recycling During and After Construction
- Track 18-7Efficient and Environmentally Friendly Materials
- Track 18-8Building Commissioning
Efficient energy use, sometimes simply called energy efficiency, is the goal to reduce the amount of energy required to provide products and services. Energy efficiency has to be increased at all stages of the energy chain, from generation to final consumption. At the same time, the benefits of energy efficiency must outweigh the costs, for instance those that result from carrying out renovations.
Global energy efficiency has seen positive signs across developed and developing countries. This has resulted in energy savings of 450 million of oil equivalent in 2015. If this can be put in a simpler perspective, the quantity of energy saved could power the whole of Japan for a year. These savings also resulted in reduction of total energy expenditure by $540 billion, another startling fact.
- Track 19-1Smart Cities, Cities That Run Themselves
- Track 19-2Distributed Generation in Smart Cities
- Track 19-3The Electric Vehicle, a Reality Today
- Track 19-4Electric Energy Management from Mobile
- Track 19-5Big Data, the Classic "Information Is Power"
- Track 20-1Fossil Fuel Storage
- Track 20-2Mechanical
- Track 20-3Electrical, Electromagnetic
- Track 20-4Biological
- Track 20-5Electrochemical (Battery Energy Storage System, BESS)
- Track 20-6Thermal
- Track 20-7Chemical
Many environmentalist and scientist are working to make certain strategies to reduce environmental pollution. In addition to solid waste which we see in our household garbage bins, there are medical, industrial, agricultural and mining wastes. An environment is polluted mostly by improper disposal of waste. Therefore there is a need to keep a check over waste disposal.
Environmental problems are so diverse and diffused that virtually any activity of civilization interacts with the environment. Many environmental pollution problems are local in character and they can be controlled by creating environmental consciousness in each and every citizen. People should be told about the importance of clean atmosphere as well as about the consequences of different types of environmental pollutions. Besides, action is also needed at national level and guidelines may be established internationally by the United Nations Joint Committee of Experts.
- Track 21-1Recycling
- Track 21-2Sewage Treatment
- Track 21-3Green Chemistry
- Track 21-4Basic Aims of Green Chemistry
- Track 21-5Anaerobic septic tank treatment
The maximum recent update, repute and tendencies inside the U.S. Voluntary green strength marketplace, released in 2017, unearths that about 6.3 million customers procured approximately 95 million megawatt-hours (MWh) of green power in 2016, which represents a 45% increase in the variety of clients and a 19% growth in the quantity income from 2015. The voluntary green power market now accounts for about 28% of all U.S. renewable power income, except massive hydropower.
- Track 22-1Solar
- Track 22-2Wind
- Track 22-3Geothermal
- Track 22-4Biogas
- Track 22-5Edible Biomass
- Track 22-6Hydroelectric Sources
Water conservation includes all the policies, strategies and activities to sustainably manage the natural resource of fresh water, to protect the hydrosphere, and to meet the current and future human demand. Population, household size, and growth and affluence all affect how much water is used. Factors such as climate change have increased pressures on natural water resources especially in manufacturing and agricultural irrigation.
The New York town water delivery system is an incorporated network of 19 reservoirs and 3 managed lakes. The system gives you approximately a billion gallons of water per day to over 8 million users. With the city’s populace predicted to upward thrust to 9.1 million by using 2030, conservation will hold to have a critical function in assembly needs for water. It’s far crucial to be aware that although populace boom has multiplied the call for housing, electricity, and transportation, overall water intake has been declining and is lower today than it became 50 years in the past.
- Track 23-1Rainwater Harvesting
- Track 23-2Habitat Conservation
- Track 23-3Fresh Water
- Track 23-4Water Utilities
- Track 23-5Irrigation
Alternative water is often treated to non-potable standards, meaning it is not safe for human consumption. Common uses of alternative water include landscape irrigation, ornamental pond and fountain filling, cooling tower make-up, and toilet and urinal flushing.
Water shortages have already been faced within the examine place because of droughts, and that they had been conquer by using managing call for. The discount in Israeli water use from 1,987 million m3/year in 1987 to one, 420 million m3/yr in 1991 without an internet loss in agricultural manufacturing or monetary boom indicates what can be completed inside the way of demand moderation.
- Track 24-1Harvested Rainwater from Roofs
- Track 24-2Onsite Storm Water
- Track 24-3Grey Water
- Track 24-4Discharged Water from Water Purification Processes
- Track 24-5On-Site Reclaimed Wastewater
- Track 24-6Captured Condensate from Air Handling Units.
Environmental legislation is the collection of laws and regulations pertaining to air quality, water quality, the wilderness, endangered wildlife and other environmental factors. The umbrella of environmental legislation covers many laws and regulations, yet they all work together toward a common goal, which is regulating the interaction between man and the natural world to reduce threats to the environment and increase public health.
In India, the National Environment Policy (NEP), 2006 was made by the Ministry of Environment and Forests to view the key environmental challenges, their causes and effects, objectives of policy formulation and strategies and action programme to satisfy the objectives and mechanisms that need to be implemented and reviewed.
- Track 25-1Water Quality
- Track 25-2Waste Management
- Track 25-3Contaminant Clean-up
- Track 25-4Chemical Safety
- Track 25-5Trans-boundary Responsibility
- Track 25-6Public Participation and Transparency
- Track 25-7Precautionary Principle
- Track 25-8Prevention
- Track 25-9Polluter Pays Principle