Bioremediation is becoming the technology of choice for the remediation of many contaminated environments, particularly sites contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. Bioremediation stimulates the growth of certain microbes that use contaminants as a source of food and energy.

 It is very important to understand that this form of waste remediation uses no toxic chemicals, although it may use an organism that can be harmful under certain circumstances. A gross, but simple explanation of bioremediation is the use of maggots in wound care control. Wounds that have contamination can have maggots introduced to them. The maggots then eat the contamination, allowing the wound to heal correctly. That is a form of medical bioremediation but there are many other types that are used to control different waste contamination.

The worldwide marketplace for bioremediation technology & services marketplace changed into worth USD 32.2 billion in 2016 and is expected to reach USD 65.7 billion by using 2025 at a CAGR of 8.3% from 2017 to 2025.